Portrait d'une pionnière de la conquête spatiale. Valentina Tereshkova a Russian cosmonaut created history when she became the first woman to travel to space. Sélectionnée parmi 400 candidats, elle se retrouve dans le groupe final avec 4 autres femmes afin de suivre des entraînements intensifs. Dans la course à l’exploration spatiale qui oppose les Etats-Unis à l’URSS depuis 1957, les soviétiques emportent une bataille symbolique d’envergure : Valentina Terechkova, devient la première femme dans l’espace, en réalisant un voyage en solitaire à bord de Vostok 6 (16-19 juin 1963) Greene, Nick. Flying two different orbits, the spacecraft came within roughly 5 km (3 miles) of each other, and the cosmonauts exchanged brief communications. From a Textile Mill to Parachuting . Ouvrière du textile à 18 ans, elle est choisie parmi plus de 400 candidates pour devenir, sous la houlette de Youri Gagarine, la première femme dans l'espace. Son vol sur Vostok 6 est donc la seule mission da… Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 in the village Maslennikovo Tutayev district of the Yaroslavl region in a family of collective farmers. She spent more time in orbit than all the U.S. Mercury astronauts combined. ???????????? Valentina Tereshkova, in full Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova, (born March 6, 1937, Maslennikovo, Russia, U.S.S.R.), Soviet cosmonaut, the first woman to travel into space. Ses grands-parents, originaires de Biélorussie, font partie des premiers paysans à travailler dans le kolkhozedu village. Valentina Tereshkova received the Order of Lenin and Hero of the Soviet Union awards for her historic flight. Corrections? Drexel, John, editor, Facts on File Encyclopedia of the 20th Century, Facts on File, 1991, pp. Jusqu'en 1953, Valentina TERECHKOVA est scolarisée à l'école n°32 de Yaroslavl. Space exploration is something that people routinely do today, without regard to their gender. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vladimir was killed while serving with the Soviet army in World War II, leaving Elena to raise two-year-old Valentina and two other children—a daughter, Ludmilla, and a son, Vladimir. During the Great Patriotic War, his father was killed at the front, and a mother with three children moved to the city of Yaroslavl. Comunismo Entró como trabajadora en una fábrica textil a los 18 años. Soon after starting work in a textile mill at the age of 18, she joined an amateur parachuting club. Ils ont une fille, Elena, puis ils se séparent et finalement divorcent en 1982 ; elle se remarie en 1989. Tereshkova was married to fellow cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev in November 1963. Valentina Tereshkova (Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova o Tereshkova; Maslennikovo, 1937) Astronauta rusa que fue la primera mujer que tripuló una nave espacial. On June 14, 1963 cosmonaut Valeriy Bykovsky launched on Vostok 5. On June 16, 1963, she was launched in the spacecraft Vostok 6, which completed 48 orbits in 71 hours. Valentina Tereshkova Biography ; Valentina Tereshkova Biography. From Jumping out of Planes to Spaceflight. Le 16 juin 1963, à bord du vaisseau Vostok-6, la Soviétique Valentina Terechkova devient la première femme de l'espace.Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova naît le 6 mars 1937 à Maslennikovo, dans la région de Iaroslavl, en République socialiste fédérative soviétique de Russie, principale république de l'Union soviétique. Valentina TERECHKOVA, jeune femme russe issue d’un milieu modeste et passionnée de parachutisme, décide de se porter volontaire. She orbited the Earth 48 times, spent almost three days in space, and remains the only woman to have been on a solo space mission. Aimable et serviable, réservée et opiniâtre, elle est aussi un modèle de savoir-vivre. The Soviets were looking for another "first" at which to beat the United States, among many space firsts they achieved during the era. She was the first woman to have flown in space, having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists to pilot Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. ThoughtCo. Omissions? Further Reading on Valentina Tereshkova. Vous pouvez voir sa biographie sur le blog ci dessous ... En mars 1962, Valentina Terechkova entre à l’âge de 25 ans dans le groupe des cinq femmes cosmonautes. Tereshkova was named a Hero of the Soviet Union and was twice awarded the Order of Lenin. Seule à bord de son vaisseau spatial Vostok 6 qui décolle le 16 juin 1963 du cosmodrome de Baïkonour, elle passa près de trois jours en orbite basse dans le cadre d'un vol conjoint avec Valeri Bykovski lancé de son côté à bord du vaisseau Vostok 5deux jours aup… Valentina was not able to attend school u… His father worked as a tractor driver, his mother was engaged in housework, worked on the farm. Valentina Terechkova (1937 - ) cosmonaute russe En 1961, après le vol réussi de Youri Gagarine, Sergueï Korolev, le responsable du programme spatial soviétique, décide d’envoyer une femme dans l’espace. Making History The historic first flight of a female cosmonaut was slated to concur with the second dual flight (a mission on which two craft would be in orbit at the same time, and ground control would maneuver them to within 5 km (3 miles) of each other). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was also the first civilian to do so. Il faudra attendre dix-neuf ans avant qu'une autre femme aille dans l'espace, la Soviétique Svetlana Y. Savitskaya , et vingt ans avant qu'une femme d'une autre nationalité s'y … Born: March 6, 1937 Maslennikovo, Russia Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in space, orbiting the earth forty-eight times in Vostok VI in 1963. And so it was that Valentina Tereshkova made her flight in the summer of 1963, a couple of years after the first Soviet and U.S. astronauts took their rides to space. She left the program just after her flight, and on November 3, 1963, she married Andriyan G. Nikolayev, another cosmonaut. L'entraînement incluait des vols en apesanteur, des tests d'isolement, des tests de centrifugeuse, de l'ingénierie spatiale, de la propulsion th… Tereshkova se convirtió en un miembro activo de La Liga de Jóvenes Comunistas mientras trabajaba en la fábrica. Short Biography. Valentina Tereshkova was born to a peasant family in the Yaroslavl region of the former USSR on March 6, 1937. She paved the way for other women to become astronauts, although the first American woman didn't fly to orbit until the 1980s. Her flight lasted 48 orbits totaling 70 hours and 50 minutes in space. Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937, in the small village of Maslennikovo near the Russian city of Yaroslavl. Later she served as the president of the Soviet Women's Committee and became a member of the Supreme Soviet, the USSR's national parliament, and the Presidium, a special panel within the Soviet government. a effectué 48 orbites autour(Autour est le nom que la nomenclature aviaire en langue française (mise à jour) donne à 31 espèces d'oiseaux qui, soit appartiennent...) de la terre(La Terre est la troisième planète du Système … In recent years, she has led a quiet life in Moscow. However, Valentina Tereshkova was the only one of the group to go into space at that point. She began an intensive training program designed to help her withstand the rigors of launch and orbit. Biography of Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in the world who traveled to space. "Valentina Tereshkova: The First Woman in Space." En novembre 1963, Valentina Terechkova épouse le cosmonaute Andrian Nikolaïev ; c'est un mariage « arrangé » par les autorités soviétiques. They were all commissioned as second lieutenants in the Soviet Air Force, which had control over the cosmonaut program at the time. "Valentina Tereshkova: The First Woman in Space." The identities of the other women in the cosmonaut program were not revealed until the late 1980s. The U.S. did not send a woman into space until 1983, when Sally Ride, an astronaut and physicist, flew aboard the space shuttle Challenger. Histoire du vol spatial; Valentina Ponomariova; Liens externes (ru) Biographie de Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova, Héros de l'Union soviétique Overseen by Yuri Gagarin (the first man in space) the selection process for female cosmonauts began in mid-1961. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Test your knowledge of those who had the right stuff to travel into space. 884-885. Her father, Vladimir Tereshkova, was a tractor driver on a collective farm and her mother, Elena Fyodorovna Tereshkova, worked at the Krasny Perekop cotton mill. A cette date, elle a … Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova (en russe : Валентина Владимировна Терешкова, /vɐlʲɪnʲˈtʲinə vlɐˈdʲimʲɪrəvnə tʲɪrʲɪʂˈkovə/, née le 6 mars 1937 à Maslennikovo, raion de Toutaïev dans l'oblast de Iaroslavl) est la première femme à effectuer un vol dans l'espace. He is also the U.N. World Space Week Coordinator for Antarctica. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. https://www.thoughtco.com/valentina-tereshkova-biography-3072504 (accessed April 12, 2021). Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova, née le 6 mars 1937 à Maslennikovo, raïon de Toutaïev dans l'oblast de Iaroslavl, est la première femme à effectuer un vol dans l'espace, et est la première cosmonaute soviétique, grâce à son vol du 16 au 19 juin 1963. Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is a member of the Russian State Duma, engineer, and former cosmonaut. She orbited the Earth for almost three days, showing that women have the same ability in space as men. That stoked her interest in flight, and at the age of 24, she applied to become a cosmonaut. Edited and updated by Carolyn Collins Petersen. Son père conduisait des tracteurs et sa mère s’occupait des enfants du couple, Lioudmila, Valentina et Vladi… Valentina Tereshkova was born in a small village Bolshoye Maslennikovo in the west of Russia, on March 6, 1937. ????????? Just earlier that year, 1961, the Soviet space program began to consider sending women into space. La primera mujer en volar al cosmos es toda una leyenda, su nombre es conocido en todos los rincones del planeta. Greene, Nick. Three years later she was elected to the Duma. Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (Russian: Валенти́на Влади́мировна Терешко́ва; born 6 March 1937), is a Soviet retired cosmonaut.. She was the first woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6 (one of Vostok rocket) on 16 June 1963.She and four others were chosen out … O'Neill, Lois Decker, "Farthest Out of All: The First Woman in Space, " in Women's Book of World Records and Achievements, Anchor Books, 1979, pp. She directed the Soviet Women’s Committee in 1968, and from 1974 to 1991 she served as a member of the Supreme Soviet Presidium. (Chayka)), Valentina Terechkova(Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova (en cyrillique : ????????? However, Valentina Tereshkova was the only one of the group to go into space at that point. 16 Black Americans in Astronomy and Space, Biography of Yuri Gagarin, First Man in Space, They Never Became Astronauts: The Story of the Mercury 13, A Short History of Roscosmos and the Soviet Space Program, Project Gemini: NASA's Early Steps to Space, The History and Legacy of Project Mercury. Greene, Nick. The second of three children born to Vladimir Tereshkova and Elena Fyodorovna Tereshkova, Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 … 739-740.. Sharpe, Mitchell, "It is I, Sea Gull": Valentina Tereshkova, First Woman in Space, Crowell, 1975. Tereshkova followed the Vostok procedure of ejecting from the capsule some 6,000 meters (20,000 feet) above the ground and descending under a parachute. She landed near Karaganda, Kazakhstan, on June 19, 1963. The female cosmonaut program was disbanded in 1969 and wasn't until 1982 that the next woman flew in space. She is the first and youngest woman to have flown in space with a solo mission on the Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. Click here if you want to see this biography in Spanish translation. Valentina Terechkova reste à ce jour l'unique femme à avoir effectué seule un voyage dans l'espace. She is known for her work on UFO (2018), Far from St. Petersburg (1991) and Der Augenzeuge (1946). Valentina Terechkova s’est envolée dans l’espace en 1963, seulement deux ans après Youri Gagarine (1961), et avant Neil Armstrong et Buzz Aldrin (1969). Basic training for the women was very similar to that of the male cosmonauts. Sous l'indicatif " La mouette " (en russe : ?????? Learn more about Tereshkova’s life and career. Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in outer space, launched into space aboard the Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. Tereshkova and Vostok 6 launched two days later, flying with the call sign "Chaika" (Seagull). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/valentina-tereshkova-biography-3072504. Le lieu de sa naissance abrite d’ailleurs aujourd’hui un musée dédié au vol historique réalisé par la cosmonaute. Rumors abounded at the time that the union was just for propaganda purposes, but those have never been proven. She later became a politician. Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 in Bolshoe Maslennikovo, Tutaevskiy rayon, Yaroslavskaya oblast, RSFSR, USSR as Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova. Valentina Tereshkova was the woman pioneer who in 1963, managed to fly into space and orbit the Earth, not once, but a total of 48 times in the span of three days. Tereshkova was only 24 when she volunteered for the space program. Valentina Terechkova s’est envolée dans l’espace en 1963, seulement deux ans après Youri Gagarine (1961), et avant Neil Armstrong et Buzz Aldrin (1969). It's possible that Valentina may have trained for a  Voskhod mission that was to include a spacewalk, but the flight never happened. Due to the Soviet penchant for secrecy, the entire program was kept quiet, so very few people knew about the effort. Nick Greene is a software engineer for the U.S. Navy Space and Naval Warfare Engineering Center. It was scheduled for June of the following year, which meant that Tereshkova had only about 15 months to get ready. Updates? La 6° cosmonaute et 1ère femme, Valentina V. Terechkova est née le 6 mars 1937 à Maslennikovo (Terre). Although she had no pilot training, Tereshkova was an accomplished amateur parachutist and on this basis was accepted for the cosmonaut program when she volunteered in 1961. Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut who was the first woman to travel into space. However, there was a time more than half a century ago when access to space was considered a "man's job". Elle a une sœur aînée - Lioudmila, née en 1934 - et un frère cadet - Vladimir, 1940-1995. Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova (en russe : Валентина Владимировна Терешкова , née le 6 mars 1937 à Maslennikovo, raïon de Toutaïev dans l'oblast de Iaroslavl), est la première cosmonaute soviétique et la première femme à effectuer un vol dans l'espace, du 16 au 19 juin 1963.

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